HSSP Summer 2021
Course Catalog


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Arts Computer Science
Humanities Mathematics
Science Miscellaneous


Arts

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A14610: Indian Cooking Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Meena Jain, Manju Jain

Teach how to make fresh Indian Bread, White Rice, Red Beans, Semolina Pancake, Indian Tea, Mixed vegetables, and vegetarian soup.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
none


Computer Science

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C14594: Problems in AI Closed!
Difficulty: **

Where is the field of Artificial Intelligence heading, and what problems does it face? We will discuss different types of AI and their challenges, including bias in current AI systems, the possibility of machine consciousness, and how to avoid an AI apocalypse.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
You’ll love this class if you’re interested in AI in the real world. No technical knowledge required.

C14563: Sharing Secrets: An Introduction to Cryptography Closed!
Difficulty: ***

Here's three puzzles:

1. I want to find the average age of everyone in a room. But no one wants to tell anyone else their age. Can we still find the average?

2. There's a magic door that opens when you say the password. I want to show you that I know the password, but I don't want to tell you what the password is. Can I still prove to you that I know the password?

3. We're talking over the phone and want to flip a coin. But if I flip the coin and tell you the result, you might not believe me. And if you flip the coin, I might not believe you. Can we still do a fair coin flip?

Come learn about cryptography, the amazing science that helps us do seemingly impossible tasks.


Class Style
Half-term

C14603: Programming robot arms to move objects Closed!
Difficulty: **

Robotic helpers may become more and more prevalent in our lives. An important step is being able to move a robotic arm to do useful tasks for us, such as clean a desk. We will be exploring the PyBullet simulator.

Each class is structured as a short lecture, then guided lab with problems of varying difficulty geared toward all levels so students with no programming experience and students with significant robotic programming experience can benefit.

By the end of this class, everyone will be able to move a simulated robot arm to pick and place a cube with a keyboard. More advanced students will be able to program in more autonomous behaviors to move a wider range of objects.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
- Computer that can run Python such as Windows, Mac, Linux, some others. - Python experience helpful but not necessary

C14633: Intro to Programming in Python Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Emma Liu

Have you ever wanted to learn how to code but weren't sure where to start? Take this class for a crash course in Python, starting from the very beginning (literally, we'll go over downloading Python). Absolutely no experience with programming is necessary!


Class Style
Half-term

C14621: Introduction to Programming with R Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Mikayla Murphy

R is one of the most highly used programming languages in data science. From analyzing large data sets to creating beautiful visualizations, R can do it all -- and during this course, you'll learn how to do it all too!

Some things you can expect to learn in this class:
- The basic building blocks of programming (and how to use them in R!): variables, types, for loops, and functions
- The specifics of R: R syntax, using packages, and best practices
- Working with real datasets: importing, cleaning, and combining datasets
- Analyzing data: basic statistics, modeling, and predictions
- Visualizing data: how to create pretty charts and graphs!

By the end of the class, you'll have all the skills you need to complete your own data science project -- from loading the data to producing beautiful charts and statistics :)


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
There are no formal prerequisites for this class, but it will likely be easier to keep up if you already have some familiarity with basic programming concepts (eg. variables, loops, functions). However, if you aren't familiar with those programming concepts, but are willing to put in a bit more effort, you are more than welcome to attend and learn :) Also, it would be best if you have a computer that is able to install RStudio Desktop and R. If you don't, you'll still be able to attend the class and learn, but you won't be able to easily practice what you've learned outside of class :( Download information for RStudio Desktop: https://www.rstudio.com/products/rstudio/download/ Download information for R: http://ftp.ussg.iu.edu/CRAN/

C14561: Fun with algorithms! Closed!
Difficulty: ***

How can we multiply two numbers quickly? How do we sort a list quickly? What does "quickly" even mean? We'll explore these questions and many more in our study of algorithms, a beautiful field that lies at the heart of computer science.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Familiarity with basic algebra (polynomials, logarithms, etc.), and with programming concepts such as lists and for loops (no programming will be required in class).


Humanities

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H14580: Markets and Competition Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nancy Xu, Hilary Zen

Have you wondered who sets the price of gas, or why certain brands of toothpaste are more expensive than others? In this class, we’ll dive into all the different types of markets, and how the businesses in them function differently! We will be discussing perfect competition, monopolies, as well as applications of economic principles in current events. No experience required, but we welcome everyone with an interest in economics!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Basic algebra is helpful but not required.

H14546: "Chicken or beef?" Meat, its human past, present and future Closed!
Difficulty: **

"Chicken or beef?" A familiar question to hear on board a flight. Think about the meals and snacks you're used to eating and how many of them have meat as part of them. It hasn't always been like this, so how did meat become so popular and so available? And can we keep this up into the future? This course will use aspects of archaeology and science to explore this topic in more depth.


Class Style
Half-term

H14635: Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a new topic in Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers.

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term

H14598: Ireland Uncovered: Irish History and Diaspora Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: H. Alexander Chen

The Great Famine of 1845 was often viewed as the 'first wave' of mass migration from Ireland to the United States. Some 32.7 million people in America claimed Irish descent in 2015. This module examines the influence of Irish diaspora in America and traces the development of Irish American communities. It will assess the social and political influence of American Irish communities in the rebellions, revolts, and revolutions that led to the establishment of independent Ireland. The overreaching idea is the strong ties between Ireland and the United States throughout history.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
None. However, students who have taken 'Irish Presence in America' in any previous programme should not enroll in this course due to the overlap of contents.

H14566: Intro to Science Writing Closed!
Difficulty: **

How can you tell good journalism from bad? Why is science journalism even important? What role does ethics play in science reporting? This course will cover the hows and whats of science writing, including how is communicated with the public and what makes it effective.


Class Style
Half-term

H14533: The Philosophy of Harry Potter Closed!
Difficulty: **

Do you love the mystical Wizarding World of Harry Potter? They have, after all, become a defining tale of this generation and century. But what makes the stories so special? In this class, we will delve into the magic of Harry Potter, taking a combined literary and philosophical approach in hopes of making each of us better readers, writers, thinkers, and--most importantly--people! Philosophy is not taught at most middle and high schools, but is a valuable discipline which will help you in each of your academic pursuits, and help you discern how to live a meaningful and fulfilling life--don't worry, no prior philosophizing experience is necessary! In the class, we will analyze the series from a Neo-Platonic and Post-Modern perspective, and engage in meaningful, student-centered discussion. I am excited to work with any and all who are interested!


Class Style
Half-term

H14608: The Basics of Chinese Closed!
Difficulty: **

In this session, you will learn about why Chinese is actually ~not that hard~ and some basics of intonation. You will learn how to say some phrases, numbers, and more. We will end the class with a short Kahoot!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
n/a

H14614: Strategies for learning (human) languages Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Diana ben-Aaron

Are you trying to learn a new language, or would you like to? This class will introduce you to different ways you can get that language into your brain, from social media to intonation drills. We'll look at what research says about foreign language learning, and study the International Phonetic Alphabet. We'll look at some languages we've collectively got some experience with - and at least one that none of us knows!.


Class Style
Half-term

H14642: Russian Language for Beginners Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Pamela Stark, Duha Syar

Learn how to read, write, and speak in Russian where you will go from a complete beginner to having elementary conversations and recognizing key words and phrases in everyday life. Impress your friends! We will also explore Russian culture, geography, history, and travel. This class is extra special because you will learn about everyday Russian life from a current MIT student living in Russia!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
No prerequisites.

H14602: Music Theory Closed!
Difficulty: **

Ever wanted to learn how music works and how to write music that sounds good?

In this class, we'll teach you music theory. We'll show you how to analyze pieces of music, and you'll also write your very own compositions!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Proficient at reading sheet music; know what scales, key signatures, and intervals are

H14632: Abnormal Psychology Closed!
Difficulty: **

This course will be an introduction to understanding the nature, causes, and treatment of different mental disorders. Students will gain an insight into the way disorders are defined in the DSM-5, including but not limited to PTSD, generalized anxiety disorder, anorexia nervosa, and bipolar disorder.


Class Style
Full-term

H14532: On the Problems of Minds and Machines Closed!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Keith Murray

Have you ever looked in the mirror and wondered, "What is going on in my head?" Philosophers and scientists have thought about this question for centuries and still have no definitive answer. Is our brain just a biological machine? Are we more than our brain? What is color? What is consciousness? This class aims at analyzing the fundamental thought and scientific experiments that try to answer these questions. My goal is for everyone taking the class to be able to think critically about the nature of the mind by the end.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
An interest in philosophy and science and a willingness to engage in class discussions.

H14595: Intro to Elementary Arabic Closed!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Aysar Abdelgelil

Do you have a love for learning languages? Do you tend to forget to keep up with your Duolingo streak? Here's the class for you! In this class, we will cover the alphabet, basic grammatical structures, vocabulary, and expand on useful expressions, conversational skills, and cultural knowledge. We will practice conversing about everyday life, food, activities, animals, and places in breakout rooms. We’ll also travel through Arabic-speaking countries virtually, learning about Arabic countries and their history, traditions, and food. This class will focus on Modern Standard Arabic, with regional colloquial phrases thrown in. This class is perfect for students with any level familiarity with the Arabic language!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
None! Enthusiasm encouraged, participation necessary :)

H14641: Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a new topic in Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers.

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term

H14577: United Nations 101: Learn about Model UN! Closed!
Difficulty: *

Have you ever wondered about United Nations? Would you like to be the next leader solving the world's problems?

We know you can! Please come and join us for this interactive course in which we will be learning about how the UN works through debating and guest speakers!

Then we will learn about Model UN, being a delegate and writing both an opening speech and working paper. We will prepare you to be the leader in your committee.

If you have any question, please feel free to reach us!


Class Style
Half-term

H14591: Honestly Just a Book Club Closed!
Difficulty: *

Like to read or trying to read more? Get cozy and join us as we read two (or three) books over the course of six weeks and have some fun and meaningful chats. Book selections decided by students who enroll.


Class Style
Full-term

H14547: Drama, Dance and Drums: How humans developed culture Closed!
Difficulty: **

Something that's been mostly inaccessible for the last year is culture - COVID-19 has prevented us from going to the movie theater, the theater and even musicians playing in the street. As we've stayed inside, however, we've continued to find ways to access culture - Spotify gained six million subscribers in the first quarter of 2020. But what purpose does culture serve? How did culture develop in the first place and how did it come to look the way it does today?


Class Style
Full-term

H14575: The Crusades Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joshua Hoffman

The Crusades are one of the most baffling, bizarre, and counter-intuitive events to ever happen in the history of Humanity. One thousand years ago, tens of thousands of Christians in Europe decide to walk three thousand miles through unfamiliar and hostile territory just to claim a city half-way across the known word. Why did they do this? How did they do this? Did they succeed? Three classes will tell an episodic story of the crusades, lecture style, and attempt to answer these questions which still baffle historians to this day.


Class Style
Half-term

H14589: Introduction to Policy Debate Closed!
Difficulty: ***

Policy debate is a two on two debate format which teaches analytical, critical thinking, and public speaking skills. Focusing on one policy topic for the duration of the session, with this year’s being “The United States federal government should enact substantial criminal justice reform in the United States in one or more of the following: forensic science, policing, sentencing,” Students will be able to sharpen their research skills and learn how to construct arguments for both sides of a topic. Students will be able to use previously researched evidence in addition to their own critical arguments during the debate round. This class will teach each student the format and basics of policy debate, from researching to argument construction, and will involve practice debating as would occur in tournaments. If you interested in developing public speaking and reasoning skills or are passionate about criminal justice, this class is for you. We are eager to hear all of your ideas!


Class Style
Full-term

H14619: Classical Greek Tragedy Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: El Hudson

What do we mean when we call something "tragic"? What are the parts that make up a tragedy, and how do they work? Where did tragedy even come from, anyway? This course will explore and interrogate the form, function, and substance of classical Athenian tragedy. We'll read selections in English from Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Euripides, and discuss the plays in their social, historical, and literary contexts. In addition, we'll consider the reception of Greek tragedy in post-classical literature up to the modern day.


Class Style
Full-term

H14617: Global Health: Bridging Health Inequities Closed!

Join MIT Global Health Alliance in our six class HSSP series on Global Health, Public Health, and bridging health inequities. At the end of the six weeks, participate in a mini global health hackathon using the skills you've learned to solve global health issues!


Class Style
Full-term


Mathematics

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M14615: Functions and Graphs made Easy Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Melis Hunt

The course aims to teach Grade 7-10 students how useful graphing could be in explaining problems in real life! The course aims to help students increase their understanding of problems using visuals. At the end of the course, the students will learn how to plot simple functions and have worked on different (possibly) complex examples simplifying them using graphing. In the class some economics but mostly science (physics) examples will be used.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Basic maths skills, some science knowledge.

M14616: Demographic Dynamics in Human Populations Closed!
Difficulty: **

You probably grew up hearing about how quickly the world’s population is expanding. Billions of humans now inhabit most every corner of the globe, one of fastest explosions of life in known natural history. While it may seem that growth and busts of populations are essentially random - especially when it comes to humans, who in theory have the power to choose how quickly their community changes - there is an entire suite of mathematical tools and techniques dedicated to describing and predicting how human numbers will change. Part of this is a country’s census, whose job it is to figure out how a country has and will change in terms of its people and their characteristics. In addition to large-scale, decadal censuses, more frequent data is collected and used to predict everything from the population density in a crowded city to the life expectancy in 2075. Beyond predicting quantitative outcomes, the mathematics and statistics employed in demographic modeling play a large role in how people are treated: for example, which districts receive funding at what levels, and what new public programs are developed. In this course, we’ll cover the bread and butter of demography, and use demographic data to explore how many humans there are and where they live. Given that 2020 marked an important Census milestone, this course will be a fun introduction to using the data generated by this program. Census data are used to justify and explain trends in human communities. Once informed about how to use these data, you’ll see how important and ubiquitous the Census is!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
A basic algebra and a basic statistics course and some computer and plotting skills

M14581: Intro to Graph Theory Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nancy Xu, Hilary Zen

A graph -- not y=f(x)! -- is a structure of points, or vertices, connected in pairs by edges. They’re used in many different algorithms in math, computer science, and more. For example, Google Maps uses graphs to calculate the shortest route between two points. In this class, we will explore an introduction to graph theory and play some related games! Topics include graphs, trees, Hamilton paths, and Euler’s formula, among others.


Class Style
Half-term

M14628: Some Strategies for Solving Math Puzzles Closed!
Difficulty: **

This class will introduce you to some topics that will improve your math intuition. We will learn about things like probability and counting and apply our knowledge to solve some fun puzzles together. Join our class to get a glimpse of what students at MIT who study math and computer science experience and to learn about some topics that can be applied in computer science and beyond.


Class Style
Full-term

M14620: Mathematical Games Closed!
Difficulty: **

Do you like playing games? Do you want to learn how to think logically about them? In this course, we will play several math games and examine the strategy behind several two-player games including Nim and Chomp.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Familiarity with binary is preferred

M14562: Complex Numbers, Quaternions, and Beyond Full!
Difficulty: ***

If you’ve ever been in a math class, you’ve probably seen the natural numbers - in fact, you’ve probably known about them since you were young. As you progressed, you discovered that there are many more numbers - the integers, the rational numbers, the real numbers, and the complex numbers. But can we go further?

In this class, we'll learn about the Cayley-Dickson construction, a procedure that lets us builds new, weirder numbers from ones we already know. After reviewing the complex numbers, we'll construct and study the properties of the quaternions and see how they can be used to talk about geometry in 3D space and prove a cool theorem in number theory. We'll also go even further to build more obscure numbers with even weirder behavior!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Experience with complex numbers and matrices

M14587: Fun with Probability: Birthdays, Gambling, and an Intro to Statistics Closed!
Difficulty: **

How many people do you need in a room until it is more likely than not that two have the same birthday? Should you ever gamble at Vegas? Are disease-testing methods reliable? Come spend a few hours of your summer pondering these questions and learning about how probability is applied in other fields and in daily life. We will present a lot of brain teasers involving probability and also provide a fun introduction to statistics!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Knowledge of basic probability is useful, but we will try to go at a pace and difficulty that suits the comfort level of participating students!

M14592: Type Theory and Formal Verification Closed!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: CJ Quines, Andy Tockman

Learn how computer programs and mathematical proofs are actually the same thing!* Learn how to write programs that are guaranteed not to contain bugs!**

* kinda
** kinda


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Minimal prior experience with mathematical proofs and programming is probably helpful (i.e. "have written/understood a proof before" and "have written/understood a computer program before").

M14564: Intro to Linear Algebra - What really is a matrix? Closed!
Difficulty: **

Have you seen matrices in math class but don't understand why they're taught? Or what they really are? Or why they multiply so weird? This was how I felt when I first saw them, wondering why it was decided that numbers should be arranged in a rectangle. I only knew the answers to these questions, much later, when I learned linear algebra - which I think is far later than necessary. Come learn what a matrix really is, and the truly beautiful math behind it!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Algebra 2 (or other general awareness of the concept of a matrix - familiarity/comfort working with matrices NOT required)

M14625: Counting past infinity: the ordinal numbers Closed!
Difficulty: ***

If you count all the way to infinity, and then keep counting some more, you meet the beginning of an unfathomably large structure called the ordinal numbers. In this class, we'll get to know the ordinal numbers, and see ways they're useful even for solving finite problems.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Be ready to think about fairly abstract math.


Science

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S14622: The (Not So) Many Faces of Biotech Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Arbri Kopliku

Have you heard of the amazing power of CRISPR but don't really know how it works? Have you ever wondered why vaccines are so important and how they are developed? In this course we will look into what biotechnology really is, including CRISPR, vaccines and much more, and how we understand it in the 21st century. A little bit of history mixed with some very fascinating science coming from the biotechnology capital of the world, Cambridge, that will surely give you plenty of ideas to think about! Although we will touch on "complicated" topics such as recombinant DNA and germ-line editing, we will explain every concept in sufficient detail to make them crystal clear!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
An introductory high-school course in Biology would be helpful, but not a must.

S14567: Think like a Doctor! An Intro to medical interviewing and disease Closed!
Difficulty: **

Ever wondered why doctors ask the questions they do or perform certain maneuvers? Is a career in the medical field in your future? In this class you can learn how to take what a patient tells you and use that information to come up with a diagnosis. In each class, we will go through the different parts of a medical interview and you will learn about interesting common and rare diseases from different organ systems, so that at the end of this class you can go to use the skills you've gained on your peers and family! And lastly, learn about new medical innovations and treatments that are up and coming


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Biology (preferably AP), knowledge in biochemistry and chemistry may be helpful

S14596: How the Brain Learns: Cognitive Study Skills Closed!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Anna Moss

Did you know that the human brain forgets 50% of what it learns within just 24 hours? Find out how the brain learns—and fails to learn—in this fascinating class, and learn how you can harness the power of your own brain to study for any test and improve any skill, from high school to college and beyond.


Class Style
Half-term

S14568: Seedy Dealings: The Rise of Plants Closed!
Difficulty: **

Why do pinecones grow in a spiral pattern? How did plants move from water to land? How can they use catapults to launch spores? In this class, you will learn how plants have been doing these and more for over 400 million years!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Introductory biology is recommended but not required.

S14572: Everything you ever wanted to know about black holes! Closed!
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered about any of the following questions: How do we *see* black holes, if they are black? What is inside of a black hole's event horizon? What are the different types of black holes? What do *gravitational waves* tell us about black holes, and how?

If so, this is the class for you! All of these questions will be answered, and more! Come along to satisfy your curiosity about some of the most fascinating and mysterious objects in the Universe – and have fun along the way.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Some background physics/astronomy/math knowledge will be helpful, but not required

S14634: STEM Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a STEM new topic every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers.

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term

S14604: Fundamentals of electrochemistry Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hieu Dinh, Linh Nguyen

Many important technologies, such as electrolyzers and batteries, have transformed our energy sector. Do you want to explore these technologies under the lens of basic scientific knowledge?

Our class will cover fundamentals of physics/chemistry inside a battery.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of circuits and thermodynamics. Familiarity with calculus is a plus.

S14618: How Neurons Talk Closed!
Difficulty: **

Ever wondered how your brain processes information? Your brain uses electricity, chemicals, and ions in a combination to intake, process, and output signals. On the first day of this course, we will look at the parts of the brain more generally before looking into the structure of a neuron since I do not expect background knowledge.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
High school biology

S14530: Women's Health Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Anna Wilson

No matter your age or gender, I want you to know that you belong in our class. Women's Health encompasses a huge number of topics, and I truly believe that you will be able to learn something new, regardless of your background. The course covers anatomy, physiology, puberty, ovulation, periods, fertility, sexuality, contraceptives, STIs, abortion, menopause, cancer prevention, relationship violence, doctor/patient trust, and more. By the end of the course, you will have a nuanced understanding of women's health at all stages of life and feel empowered to take charge of your own healthcare. I also promise to make it fun!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
maturity

S14585: Introduction to Epidemiology Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kenneth Cox

Epidemiology is the study of diseases – how they spread, how they’re distributed, and how we can stop them. In this class, we’ll learn about the basics of diseases. We'll also cover some introductory biology and chemistry that will help you understand why diseases work like they do. Along the way, you'll also learn how to be a more critical reader of news about diseases, and which sources you can use to find credible information.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Nothing! Just curiosity.

S14612: A Practical Guide to Quantum Computing Closed!
Difficulty: ***

Quantum computing is an emerging technology that promises to provide computing power that can revolutionize society. In the past decade, more and more tech companies have invested in quantum computing and dozens of startups have been founded. In addition, the US government has started the National Quantum Initiative to spearhead research in quantum science and technology. What's all this buzz about? What allows quantum computers to outperform their classical counterparts? How does one actually build a quantum computer? We will explore the answers to these questions and more in this broad introduction to the field, covering both theory and physical implementations of a quantum computer.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Interest is first and foremost! Some background in physics, computer science or linear algebra can be helpful, but are not required. We will cover these topics as needed.

S14570: Intro to Synthetic Biology! Full!
Difficulty: **

How does engineering intersect with biology? How can rabbit genes be expressed in plants? What are policies and ethics behind gene editing? If you're interested in finding out these and more, this class is for you!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Introductory biology knowledge (DNA transcription, translation, replication, etc.) is strongly recommended and helpful but not required.

S14597: Yoga and meditation Closed!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Manju Jain, Meena Jain

Class 1 and 2: Chakra meditation: We will learn the mantras to chant the sound for each energy center (chakra) to activate our energy centers. Also we will concentrate on the color associates with each energy center. We will also learn how to activate our energy centers by deep breathing and relax ourselves.
Class 1:
Yoga for Neck: Class start with warm up ends with cool down.

Class 2: yoga for Eyes.


Class 3: yoga for Ear.
We will learn Mindful Meditation (Breath watching) and yoga

Class 4: yoga for shoulder.
visualization meditation (focus on colors and places) and yoga

Class 5: Yoga for Back.
meditation (perform a series of postures associated with breathing), and yoga

Class 6: yoga for knee.
Relaxation Meditation (Relax our muscles and organs), and yoga

We will also do Laughter and basic yoga on each class for 6 weeks program.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
None

S14540: Environmental Pollution Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: H. Alexander Chen

This module provides an overview of contaminants in the hydrosphere through scientific, legislative, and industrial approaches. It will provide a discussion about the source, properties, fate, and transport of environmental contaminants and the effect it has on biota. It will address historical incidents that led to environmental legislations such as the Superfund Act (CERCLA) and the Clean Water Act and the role of those legislations in today's world. Students will also have the opportunity to virtually investigate hazardous waste sites.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
None. Basic chemistry and algebra I can be helpful.

S14545: Nuclear Fusion: Infinite, Clean Energy? Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Amelia Cavallaro

Nuclear fusion has long been a shared dream of humanity. From the discovery that it powers the sun in the 1920s, to the classified experiments across the world in the 1950s, to the massive public experiments of the '70s and '80s (nevermind the hoaxes!), it's always seemed just out of reach. In this class we give a background level of nuclear physics, discuss the history of the field up to now, and use that to examine the future of fusion. Spoilers: there's lots of reason to be excited!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
None assumed, knowledge of models of the atom are useful (neutrons, protons, electrons) and basic chemistry (periodic table) + E&M (electric fields exist).

S14569: Sporetacular Origins: Intro to Mycology Closed!
Difficulty: **

What do fungi do and why are they diverse? Why are lichens important? Is slime mold smarter than you think? If you're interested in these questions and more, this class is for you! We will cover different groups of fungi and their origins, culminating in a fungus hunt!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Introductory biology knowledge is helpful but not required.

S14607: Intro to Microbial Genomics Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jessica Pan, Hilary Zen

Microbes are everywhere. They were the first forms of life on Earth, did and continue to make the Earth habitable, and they're some of the most abundant and diverse organisms out there. There are microbes 4 miles underground and at heights taller than Mount Everest. There are microbes living at 130 degrees Celsius, or in 12.8 pH acids, or at pressures of 2000 atmospheres, or under extreme radiation.

So microbes are cool, but they're also invisible to the naked eye. How do we study them? One of the most used methods is through the power of DNA and computers! But how does this analysis work? Once you've pulled a mess of DNA out of a bucket of ocean water, what do you do then?


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
A basic understanding of what DNA is and an interest to learn more!

S14599: Cool Theories in Math and Physics by Caltech Students Closed!

Want to learn more about the coolest theories in math and physics? Here we will cover a different topic each week, ranging from Quantum Mechanics to Undecidability. If you’re interested in theoretical math and physics but aren’t quite sure where to dive in, this is the place! While you’re here feel free to ask any of us teachers about our experiences with research, Caltech, or the college application process. Hope to see you soon!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Precalculus recommended

S14639: STEM Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a new STEM topic every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers.

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term

S14565: Intro to Electronics Full!
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wanted to learn how to design and analyze circuits? If so, this is the class for you!

We'll teach you the basics of circuitry, and then delve into more advanced topics based on student interest. And with lab kits that we'll send out to you, you'll be able to build your very own circuits using principles from the class!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Algebra is necessary; physics is recommended but not required

S14571: What's in a Battery? Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Emily Kerr

You've seen them in the supermarket checkouts and running too low on cell phones, but how do they actually work? In this course we'll discuss what purpose batteries serve, how a few different types of batteries work, a how they fit into the development of a greener energy system.


Class Style
Half-term

S14609: Why things freeze/boil (spoiler: gravity, mostly) Closed!
Difficulty: **

You think whether something boils is just based on how hot it is? Then why does ice at $$0^{\circ} \text{C} (32^{\circ} \text{F})$$ ​boil on Mars??

If you take this class, you will learn how you can get liquid water on your stove *above* its 'boiling point'., why it's easier to boil water on Mt. Everest than in Boston (as of this writing), and how I can get a glass of water to boil, freeze, and melt, all at the same time!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Must know what boiling water is$$\\$$ Must know what ice is$$\\$$ Familiarity with use of the word "temperature"

S14559: Human Identification through DNA Typing Closed!
Difficulty: *

Natural genetic variations – found in the nuclear DNA, the variable nature of the STRs  and SNPs, used in human identification and genetic genealogy
Methods used in the human identification – specifically PCR and capillary electrophoresis
STR analysis  – evaluate genotypes, a set of genetic markers for accuracy from the technical artifacts
Applications – identify individuals based on their STRs and to find out the biological father of the child


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
none

S14586: The Science of Happiness Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kenneth Cox

What insights does psychology, neuroscience, and data science provide in the study of human happiness? This course will provide an overview of methods used to study happiness and what those methods have revealed about living a happy life. By the end of the class, you'll have more knowledge and skills to use when thinking about the role of happiness in your own life, and an ability to critically evaluate scientific studies.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Nothing! Just curiosity.

S14574: Great and Small: Crazy Electrons Closed!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Caolan John

Electrons are everywhere. They are one of the fundamental building blocks of nature, responsible for holding together most of the world around us. At the same time, we have learned to make tremendous use of them in modern electronics where they power our computers and charge our phones.

Electrons are also funny characters. On their own, these particles can’t stand being near each other and possess “fundamental” traits like charge and mass. However, when nature allows them to dance with each other in some materials, they can do wonderful things like conduct electricity perfectly, seemingly split into smaller pieces, and even behave like light itself. Together we’ll explore how these little guys operating at the small scale are able to do such great feats at the large one.

This course is designed to be an accessible and exciting introduction to the crazy world of electrons. On our journey we will uncover the wonders of superconductivity, explore how transistors work, examine the remarkable properties of graphene, and so much more. Bring your curiosity and we’ll provide the rest!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Curiosity; exposure to physics can be helpful but not required


Miscellaneous

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X14541: Knowledge is Power: Examining Educational Disparities in the United States Closed!
Difficulty: **

In this class, we'll discuss educational disparities in the United States through multiple lenses. Particularly, we'll read and discuss Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes and explore the history of American public schooling for part of the course, and for the other part of the course, we'll examine a dataset that attempts to determine how family income affects educational opportunity. To examine this data, we'll be using a few different Python packages that help us analyze large datasets. We'll also get to create our own graphs to visualize the data! We're excited to have you :)!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
It would be great if you could read Flowers for Algernon beforehand! Also, a little bit of CS knowledge will be very helpful, particularly Python. We'll teach you how to use Pandas and other packages we'll need, but a basic understanding of Python will be very helpful in learning how to use these packages.

X14636: Miscellaneous Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a new topic every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers!

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term

X14553: Travel to Thailand, Japan & Culture Shocks Closed!
Difficulty: **

Ever since the pandemic, where did you travel to? Your home or a hill. In this course, you will get to explore all things you need to know about Thailand and Japan. Welcome all who want to travel, learn, visit or just curious.


Class Style
Half-term

X14630: How to Do Your Taxes (Basic Forms) and Other Interesting Tidbits About Personal Finance Closed!
Difficulty: **

Wanna learn how to read tax documents and prepare for filing your taxes when you get your first job? Then this course is for you! Not only will you get an introduction and overview on how to deal with those pesky forms you receive from employers, but we will also provide some other pieces of financial advice that will prove useful in the future!


Class Style
Half-term

X14611: How to Save the Planet Without Going Vegan Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lindsay Brownell

You've heard about climate change, you're concerned about the future of our planet, and you know that we all need to reduce our carbon dioxide emissions in order to reduce the environmental damage.

You've probably heard that one of the best ways to cut your personal carbon emissions is to avoid eating meat, because livestock release lots of greenhouse gases. But the problem isn't the cow, it's the "how!"

Learn about the science of Regenerative Agriculture and how we can work with nature, not only to reduce how much carbon we're putting into the atmosphere, but to actually put it back into the ground, much faster than we originally thought. And we don't even have to go vegan to do it!


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
You will love this class if: -You care about climate change and want to learn about how you can help reverse it. -You're interested in food, farming, plants, and animals. -You like learning about science without actually having to *do* science. -You're interested in becoming an advocate for a healthier planet and healthier people.

X14552: Coffee Chat with Gilmore Girls & The Office. Closed!
Difficulty: *

If you are a fan of either Gilmore Girls or The Office or both, feel free to come and chat about fan-favourite questions and theories. For example, "Are you Team Jess or Team Logan" and "Who should be fired from the Office?" Anyone is welcome. Members from Schrute's Farm are highly encouraged. In this class, you will get to produce your own tv show.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Prior knowledge/experiences with Gilmore Girls and The Office.

X14637: Miscellaneous Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a new topic every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers!

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term

X14626: Taekwondo 101 Closed!
Difficulty: *

Martial Arts on zoom? Though it might sound unusual, MIT Sport Taekwondo has managed to make it work! Join 3 current students in Taekwondo (a yellow, green stripe, and black belt) as we teach you some of the basics of taekwondo stances, kicks, punches, and the white belt form! This will be directed at beginners, so no experience needed, just come with some passion and some space to move around and kick! 시작!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
A relatively large space where you can kick and move around! Enthusiasm!

X14536: Media Binds or Blinds? Eradicating Algorithmic Bias through Media Education Closed!
Difficulty: **

This workshop investigates the role of Algorithmic Bias/ Injustice integrating new technologies such as Global Positioning System (GPS) while developing global competencies, geospatial intelligence, and computational thinking skills. It offers creative strategies and possibilities for eradicating myths and misconceptions in education. We will engage in a wide range of media literacy activities exploring geospatial and computational thinking skills. We will investigate alternative points of view on news, global issues, algorithmic bias, and social justice through media literacy education.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
N/A

X14583: Introduction to Criminology Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Steven Swee

Ever wondered what is going through a criminal's mindset before, during, and after the crime? Have you wondered why people would even consider committing a crime? While crime will always exist to some degree, what we $$\textit{can}$$ do is study why it occurs so that we can take preventative measures.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
No formal prerequisites, but an interest or background in psychology helps!

X14638: Miscellaneous Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a new topic every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers!

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term

X14534: Guide to Finance and Investing in the Market Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrew Richards

This class acts as an intro to the stock market or finance;

Some of the main questions we ask:
What are the basics of investing in the stock market? How well do you know Moderna, Gamestop, or Apple? What stocks have a better return? Finally, can investing be ethical?


Disclaimer: this class will not recommend investing in any companies; it is meant to be educational.


Class Style
Half-term

X14606: Introduction to TTRPG Adventure Writing Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nadav Elata, El Hudson

This course is an introduction to the art of writing game modules for tabletop roleplaying games, primarily focusing on the 5th edition of Dungeons & Dragons. Over the course of six weeks, we will read a number of pre-written adventure modules, learn to think critically about the design of adventures, and learn the principles of storytelling that make for fun gameplay. The course will culminate in each student writing their own adventure, which we'll discuss in class as well.

*N.B. This class involves a time commitment of about 2 hours a week outside of class time, as students are expected to complete assigned reading in the first four weeks and write their own adventure at the end of the course.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Familiarity with tabletop roleplaying games, specifically Dungeons and Dragons 5th Edition. Willingness to spend some time on homework outside of class.

X14601: Yoga For Beginners. Closed!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Manju Jain, ANIL SHARMA

SUKHASANA - EASY POSE--There are some amazing benefits of Sukhasana. It spreads a sense of calm and peace through your mind and body. Your body alignment is improved. Practicing this asana helps elongate your spine.
PADMASANA- ( LOTUS POSE)--The Posture is a power packed hip and heart opener, with numerous physical and spiritual benefits. It is one of the best meditative poses.
VAJRASANA-(THUNDERBOLT OR DIAMOND POSE)-It Strengthens pelvic muscles by changing the flow of blood and nerve impulses the pelvic region. It improves the whole digestive tract, relieves
stomach disorders such as acidity and peptic ulcer.
KAPAL BHARTI-(FIRE OF BREATH) -It Helps in Weight loss,Mental Agility,Blood Circulation,Enhances beauty, Healthy body organs,Stress relief. It lights up your life.
TULASANA-(BALANCE / SCALE POSE)-Strengthens your arms, wrists, and upper body region. Makes your shoulders strong.
Relaxes muscles and calm the mind. increases the sense of balance. It includes tightening the abs and bring out a rigid stomach. The muscles of your abdomen are pulled up tight and thus lungs show sign of improvement.


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Any one is eligible for taking this class. There are no prerequisites required for this class as the class is for Beginners.

X14555: Dear All Future Business Majors Closed!
Difficulty: **

This is a tell-all class for future business majors/leaders. What you should know before entering college with business majors. We will also discuss the reality of businesses within many TV shows and movies.


Class Style
Half-term

X14554: Super Hero Wannabes Closed!
Difficulty: **

One day, you wake up and you discover something is wrong with you. Turns out, you have super powers. In this class, you will fantasize about your lives as superheroes. Everyone is this class will design their superpowers, and outfits. We will also test you as a superhero.


Class Style
Half-term

Prerequisites
Prior knowledge of superheroes

X14631: Introduction to Entrepreneurship and Investing Closed!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Yasmin Sharbaf

Have you ever wanted to build your start-up? Or maybe you are just curious how companies like Airbnb, Uber, or Tesla came into existence? Is X company worth investing your money in?
If you answered yes to one (and hopefully to all) the questions, then come and get your answers here!


Class Style
Full-term

Prerequisites
Willing to participate and talk with classmates :)

X14640: Miscellaneous Lecture Series Closed!

Explore a new topic every week through engaging one-time lectures given by various different teachers!

Note that all sections of lecture series will feature different lecturers talking about different topics, so you could sign up for all 8 lecture series classes if you wanted to.


Class Style
Half-term